Glaucoma treatments, treatments for glaucoma, treatment of glaucoma

Glaucoma treatments, treatments for glaucoma, treatment of glaucoma

Glaucoma treatments, treatments for glaucoma, treatment of glaucoma

Glaucoma treatments

Glaucoma treatments

Glaucoma can be treated with eye drops, pills, laser surgery, traditional surgery or a combination of these methods.

The goal of any treatment is to prevent loss of vision, as vision loss from glaucoma is irreversible. 

The good news is that glaucoma can be managed if detected early, and that with medical and/or surgical treatment, most people with glaucoma will not lose their sight.

Taking medications regularly, as prescribed, is crucial to preventing vision-threatening damage.

That is why it is important for you to discuss side effects with your doctor. While every drug has some potential side effects, it is important to note that many patients experience no side effects at all.

You and your doctor need to work as a team in the battle against glaucoma. Your doctor has many options. They include:

Eye Drops

It is important to take your medications regularly and exactly as prescribed if you are to control your eye pressure.

Since eye drops are absorbed into the bloodstream, tell your doctor about all medications you are currently taking. Ask your doctor and/or pharmacist if the medications you are taking together are safe.

Some drugs can be dangerous when mixed with other medications.

To minimize absorption into the bloodstream and maximize the amount of drug absorbed in the eye, close your eye for one to two minutes after administering the drops and press your index finger lightly against the inferior nasal corner of your eyelid to close the tear duct which drains into the nose.

While almost all eye drops may cause an uncomfortable burning or stinging sensation at first, the discomfort should last for only a few seconds.


Sometimes, when eye drops don’t sufficiently control IOP, pills may be prescribed in addition to drops.

These pills, which have more systemic side effects than drops, also serve to turn down the eye’s faucet and lessen the production of fluid.

These medications are usually taken from two to four times daily.

It is important to share this information with all your other doctors so they can prescribe medications for you which will not cause potentially dangerous interactions.

Surgical Procedures

When medications do not achieve the desired results, or have intolerable side effects, your ophthalmologist may suggest surgery.

Laser Surgery

Laser surgery has become increasingly popular as an intermediate step between drugs and traditional surgery though the long-term success rates are variable. The most common type performed for open-angle glaucoma is called trabeculoplasty.

This procedure takes between 10 and 15 minutes, is painless, and can be performed in either a doctor’s office or an outpatient facility. The laser beam (a high energy light beam) is focused upon the eye’s drain.

Contrary to what many people think, the laser does not bum a hole through the eye. Instead, the eye’s drainage system is changed in very subtle ways so that aqueous fluid is able to pass more easily out of the drain, thus lowering IOP.


There is no cure for glaucoma and vision lost cannot be regained. Early detection, prompt treatment and regular examinations are essential to preserving your vision. Medications, and in some cases surgery, make it possible to slow or stop further vision loss, enabling you to continue living in much the same way as you have always lived. Glaucoma is a chronic disease and must be continuously monitored.